Podrobnosti záznamu

Název
    Chemical recovery of scidified Bohemian lakes between 1984 and 2012: the role of acid deposition and bark beetle induced forest disturbance
Autor
    Chuman, Tomáš
    Hruška, Jakub
    Majer, Vladimír
    Oulehle, Filip
Jazyk
    anglicky
Typ dokumentu
    článek v periodiku
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    Biogeochemistry
Svazek/č.
    Roč. 116, č. 1-3
Strany
    19
Rok
    2013
Výraz tezauru
    Acidification, Nitrogen saturation, Aluminium, Recovery, Bark beetle, Land cover
Klíčové slovo
    1984
    2012
    Acid
    Bark
    Beetle
    Bohemian
    Chemical
    Deposition
    Disturbance
    Forest
    Induced
    Lakes
    Recovery
    Role
    Scidified
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   Assessment of temporal trends and rates of change in hydrochemical parameters and forest cover has been conducted to elucidate key drivers of surface water acidification in glacial lakes in the Czech Republic. Since 1984, the key driver in acidification reversal was sulphate (SO4) concentration (median decrease of -3.58 ?eq L-1 yr-1) which fell in line with reductions in sulphur (S) deposition. Reduction of nitrogen (N) deposition was followed by proportional reduction in nitrate (NO3) leaching although decline in NO3 concentrations was more pronounced at two sites, the Čertovo Lake (CT) and Prášilské Lake (PR) until 2006; only Žďárské pond (ZD) showed effective catchment N immobilization. Coherent decline of chloride concentration was detected across all sites. The decrease of strong mineral acids was partly compensated by decrease of inorganic aluminium (Alin), especially at sites most acidified in the beginning of observations (ANC1984-1986 between -160 and-90 ?eq L-1 at CT, Černé L
   ake - CN and Plešné lake - PL) and by reductions of base cations and increases of pH. All lakes (CN, CT, PL, PR and LK) moved to the ANC range between -29 and 30 ?eq L-1 (2010-2012) where sensitivity of pH to further reductions in acid anions may be expected. Concurrently, charge of weak organic acids increased and partly balanced the strong mineral acid decrease as a consequence of i) significant DOC (dissolved organic carbon) increase (median change of 0.13 mgC L-1 yr-1 since 1993) and ii) deprotonation of weak organic acids caused by pH rise. Since 2000s, bark beetle induced forest decline accelerated NO3 leaching at most of the catchments (by 200% at LK, PL and PR). However, elevated N leaching was effectively neutralized by base cations (K, Mg, Ca) originating from decaying fresh litter, thus acidification recovery was not reversed, but slowed down.
Přispěvatel
    Česká geologická služba
Kód přispěvatele
    ČGS (RIV)
Zdrojový formát
    R
Datum importu
    15. 10. 2014