Podrobnosti záznamu

Název
    Dolní Věstonice: autopodium analysis of the Palaeolithic population
Údaj o odpovědnosti
    Miriam Nývltová-Fišáková, Jarmila Zocová
Další názvy
    Dolní Věstonice: analýza autopodií paleolitické populace
Autor
    Nývltová-Fišáková, Miriam
    Zocová, Jarmila
Jazyk
    anglicky
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    Sborník geologických věd. Antropozoikum
Svazek/č.
    Roč. 24
Strany
    s. 81-108
Rok
    2000
Poznámky
    3 obr., 39 tab., 4 pl., 10 bibl.
    České resumé
    il.
    Zkr. název ser.: Sbor. geol. Věd, Antropozoikum.
Předmětová skupina
    analýza statistická
    holocén
    Homo sapiens
    kosti
    morfologie funkční
    neolit
    paleolit
    pleistocén-svrchní
    subrecent
Geografické jméno
    ČR-Morava
    Dolní Věstonice (Břeclav)
Klíčové slovo
    Analysis
    Autopodium
    Dolní
    Palaeolithic
    Population
    Věstonice
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   The autopodium of man (ossa metacarpalia et metatarsalia, phalanges) from the Palaeolithic population from Dolní Věstonice (Homo sapiens sapines) was compared with that of Neolithic and mediaeval populations. Functional anatomy of the dorsal and palmar interossei muscle attachments of the hand and dorsal and plantar interssei muscle attachments of the foot were studied. Opponens pollicis attachments were also studied. Insertions of these muscles display the same range as the modern human. The middle phalanges of DV XV (DV = Dolní Věstonice) and DV XVI have well-developed flexor sheath ridges. The most developed flexor sheath is shown by individual DV XVI. Metatarsals 5 show the lateral curvature. Incisure on the base of the metatarsal is developed on both left and right metatarsals 4 of DV XV and DV XIV. This incisure corresponds to shape changes of the cuneiform (os cueniformes laterale). Such changes of shape did not limit their movement.
   Observed variation could be considered an epigenetic sign, influenced by genetic factors. Individuals showing such variation may possibly be related. Palaeolithic males from Dolní Věstonice are the same as Neolithic males, but are more robust than mediaeval males on the basis of osteometric data. The greatest differences are between Neolithic and mediaeval females. These differences between populations are statistically significant at the 90-99 = level. Marked differences between Neolithic and mediaeval populations, especially females, were established. The above-mentioned differences can be interpreted as the receding of sexual dimorphism and microevolutionary changes which became more pronounced from the Neolithic. Barnett-Nordin's index revealed reduction of bone material in DV XV as a result of osteoporosis (see also Vlček 1992). Normal indices occur in other individuals
Přispěvatel
    Česká geologická služba
Kód přispěvatele
    ČGS (UNM)
Zdrojový formát
    U
Datum vložení
    13. 7. 2007
Datum importu
    8. 8. 2012