Podrobnosti záznamu

Název
    Ichnotaxonomy and Interpretation of "Incipient" Insect Trace Fossils in the Archaeological Context of Abusir (Holocene, Egypt)
Autor
    Mikuláš, Radek
Jazyk
    anglicky
Typ dokumentu
    článek v odborném periodiku
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation
Svazek/č.
    Roč. 21, č. 3
Strany
    s. 85-100
Rok
    2013
Poznámky
    Rozsah: 14 s. : E
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z30130516
Předmětová kategorie
    Abusir
    egyptology
    Holocene
    ichnotaxonomy
    insect burrows
Klíčové slovo
    Abusir
    Archaeological
    Context
    Egypt
    Fossils
    Holocene
    Ichnotaxonomy
    Incipient
    Insect
    Interpretation
    Trace
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   Incipient forms of the ichnogenera Celliforma, ?Rebuffoichnus, Tombownichnus, Taenidium, Chubutolites and Machichnus and, in addition, complex forms of probable termite galleries, beetle galleries and mammal burrows were found in masonry, plasters and surrounding (both natural and man-made) deposits in the ancient Abusir necropolis. Among the ways of the classification of the material, the use of standard ichnotaxonomic names appeared to be more objective and more correct than mere estimations of possible tracemakers as made colloquially in the past. The realistic classification enables a useful interpretation in such a context through dating (radiometric dating is possible if the tunnels are lined with organic matter), specification of depth of burrowing/bioerosion (some insect structures show a highly specific depth below the substrate surface) and identification of the tracemaker (insect family, genus, species).
   Having such information, it is possible, e.g., to recognize that the wall of a building was exposed/unburied during certain time interval and that the environment was favourable for the development of the tracemaker (e.g., clover-pollinating solitary bees). Three basic colonization times were recognized: first, 2760 ? 35 B.P. = ca 750 B.C.; second, 645 ? 30 B.P. i.e. ca 1350 A.D.; third, 225 ? 30 B.P., i.e. ca 1775 A.D.
Přispěvatel
    AV ČR Brno, Geologický ústav
Kód přispěvatele
    AV ČR, GLÚ
Zdrojový formát
    U
Datum importu
    23. 10. 2014