Podrobnosti záznamu

Název
    Long-term forest soil acidification, nutrient leaching and vegetation development: Linking modelling and surveys of a primeval spruce forest in the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Mts
Autor
    ,
    Hleb, Ruslan
    Houška, Jakub
    Hruška, Jakub
    Oulehle, Filip
    Šamonil, Pavel
    Šebesta, Jan
    Tahovská, Karolína
Jazyk
    anglicky
Typ dokumentu
    článek v periodiku
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    Ecological Modelling
Svazek/č.
    Roč. 244, č. October
Strany
    10
Rok
    2012
Výraz tezauru
    soil acidification, MAGIC molde, nitrogen leaching, acid deposition, Transcarpathian Mts., Norway spruce, vegetation changes
Klíčové slovo
    Acidification
    Development
    Forest
    Leaching
    Linking
    Long-term
    Modelling
    Mts
    Nutrient
    Primeval
    Soil
    Spruce
    Surveys
    Transcarpathian
    Ukrainian
    Vegetation
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   The biogeochemical model MAGIC was applied to simulate long-term (1880-2050) soil and stratified soil solution (30 and 90cm depth) chemistry at a spruce dominated site in the western Ukraine (Pop Ivan, 1480 m a.s.l.) to evaluate the effects of acid deposition on soil acidification in a less polluted region of Europe. Since 2008, sulphur (S) deposition of 9 kg ha-1 year-1 and nitrogen (N) deposition of 8.5 kg ha-1 year-1 have been measured at Pop Ivan. The recent deposition of S and N is about 30% and 50% of those values estimated for the early 1980s, respectively. Acidic deposition caused the depletion of base cations (Ca, Mg, Na, K) from the soil cation exchange complex, which resulted in a decrease of calcium and magnesium saturation between 1935 and 2008 in the top mineral soil (0-30cm) and deeper mineral soil (30-80cm) by 67% and 88%, respectively. Base cation leaching acted as the major buffer mechanism against incoming acidity, therefore the measured inorganic aluminium (Al) conc
   entration in soil solutions is ca. 10 ?mol L-1 and the subsequent molar (Ca+Mg+K)/Al ratio above 1. Recovery of the soil solution pH and Al is expected within the next 40 years, whereas the soil base saturation will only increase slowly, from 6% to 9.8% in the top soil and from 5.5% to 11% in the deeper mineral soil. Since the 1960s, modelled inorganic N leaching (as NO3) has started to increase following the trend in N deposition. Modelling and experimental evidence suggest that N availability from mineralization and deposition exceeds the rate of microbial and plant immobilization. Thus, soil N accumulation since the 1960s has been limited. A significant increase in nitrophilous species as well as a decrease of herb layer diversity was observed between 1936 and 1997.
Přispěvatel
    Česká geologická služba
Kód přispěvatele
    ČGS (RIV)
Zdrojový formát
    R
Datum importu
    15. 10. 2014