Podrobnosti záznamu

Název
    Mires of Šumava Moutains: 13,000-Years of Their Development and Present-Day Biodiversity
Údaj o odpovědnosti
    Helena Svobodová, Lenka Soukupová
Další názvy
    Upper Pleistocene and Holocene Climatic Variations (Variant.)
Autor
    Soukupová, Lenka
    Svobodová, Helena
Jazyk
    anglicky
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    Geolines
Svazek/č.
    Vol. 11
Strany
    p. 108-111
Rok
    2000
Poznámky
    Obsahuje bibliografické odkazy
    Zkr. název ser.: Geolines (Praha)
Předmětová skupina
    bažina
    diverzita druhová
    gyttja
    holocén
    jíl
    kvartér Českého masivu
    paleoklimatologie
    palynologie
    pleistocén-svrchní
    rašeliniště
    vegetace
Geografické jméno
    ČR-Čechy
    Šumava
Klíčové slovo
    13,000-Years
    Biodiversity
    Development
    Mires
    Moutains
    Present-Day
    Šumava
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   In the Šumava Mountains, orography and geomorphology hand in hand with temperature gradient, distribution of precipitation and wind speed predisposed differentiated altitudinal development of numerous mountain mires. Comparison of vegetation development, based on the pollen analyses, during the last 13,000 years with the present-day biodiversity was carried out for reference sites of the Hůrecká Bog, the Rybárenská Mire, and the Velká Niva and Malá Niva Bogs. In the western part, the vegetation development, started in the Late Glacial, 11,000 years ago with the prevailing vegetation cover of steppe and tundra. The Holocene began with the open forests of Pinus and Corylus. During the Holocene, the forests with composition of Picea, Fagus and Abies reached the climax stadium 2000 years ago. Earlier than the western mires, already 13,000 years ago witness the vegetation development of the Late Glacial (Velká Niva and the Malá Niva Bogs).
   The subsequent vegetation history of the eastern bogs has been changed in contrast with the western mires, being marked by Alnus-Betula carrs since the Atlantic, 6000 years ago. Summit plains exposed tohigh precipitation and strong wind differed in the formation of plant cover, which in the Rybárenská Mire began as late as in the beginning of the Holocene, 10,000 years ago. In the Šumava Mts., continuous vegetation development since the Late Glacial is essential for reconstruction of the unique forest history that varied remarkably according to the local effects of vertical zonation, microclimate, and water regime
Přispěvatel
    Česká geologická služba
Kód přispěvatele
    ČGS (UNM)
Zdrojový formát
    U
Datum vložení
    28. 3. 2008
Datum importu
    8. 8. 2012