Podrobnosti záznamu

Název
    Preuplift joints in granites: Evidence for subcritical and postcritical fracture growth
Údaj o odpovědnosti
    Dov Bahat, Peter Bankwitz, Elfriede Bankwitz
Autor
    Bahat, Dov
    Bankwitz, Elfriede
    Bankwitz, Peter
Jazyk
    anglicky
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    The Geological Society of America Bulletin
Svazek/č.
    Vol. 115, no. 2
Strany
    p. 148-165
Rok
    2003
Poznámky
    13 obr., 1 fot., 3 tab., 3 diagr., 2 s. bibl.
    il.
    Zkr. název ser.: Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.
Předmětová skupina
    granit
    mechanika
    moldanubický pluton
    ochlazování
    puklinatost
    vrásnění variské
Geografické jméno
    Boršov (Jihlava)
    ČR-Morava
Klíčové slovo
    Evidence
    Fracture
    Granites
    Growth
    Joints
    Postcritical
    Preuplift
    Subcritical
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   This study relates to jointing in granite that took place in the crust before uplift, thus offering an insight into paleo-fracture processes. Our investigation reveals a unique set of joints within granite of the South Bohemian Pluton exposed in the Borsov Quarry, southeast of Prague in the Czech Republic. These joints occur in close proximity and exhibit a great variety of fracture-surface morphologies. The joints in the Borsov granite may be divided into four groups based on fractographic features: (1) partial mirror planes without fringes, (2) mirror planes rimmed by en echelon fringes, (3) complex en echelon fringes, and (4) hackled fringes. On the basis of theoretical, experimental, and fractographic data obtained in outcrops, we have constructed a curve for the change in crack velocity V as a function of the stress-intensity factor KI and we have plotted the various joints in the Borsov granite on this curve.
   The spread of the joints along the curve indicates that the joints terminated under widely different physical conditions, possibly responding to repeated extensional events and different fracture mechanisms. Hence, a new quantitative method of joint classification is introduced. Such a great variety of fractographic features is unknown from joint sets that occur in a single quarry in sedimentary rock, because their formation always relates to a particular fracture mechanism. We argue that the joints in the Borsov granite formed before uplift in a fluid-enriched environment, while the granite responded to diverse, local effective-stress conditions
Přispěvatel
    Česká geologická služba
Kód přispěvatele
    ČGS (UNM)
Zdrojový formát
    U
Datum vložení
    26. 9. 2007
Datum importu
    8. 8. 2012