Podrobnosti záznamu

    Regional Contamination of Moravia (South-Eastern Czech Republic): Temporal Shift of Pb and Zn Loading in Fluvial Sediments
    Bábek, Ondřej
    Matys Grygar, Tomáš
    Mihaljevič, Martin
    Nováková, Tereza
    Sedláček, Jan
    Strnad, Ladislav
Typ dokumentu
    článek v periodiku
Zdrojový dokument - seriál
    Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
    Roč. 223, č. 2
Výraz tezauru
    Fluvial sediments
    regional contamination
Klíčové slovo
Abstrakt (anglicky)
   Regional contamination by Pb and Zn in southern Moravia (south-east part of the Czech Republic) in the twentieth century was analysed in Brno Dam lake sediments and in floodplain sediments of the Morava River near StraA3/4nice. The age model for the Brno Dam lake sediments has been obtained by Cs-137 (maxima corresponding to the nuclear tests in atmosphere and the 1986 Chernobyl accident) and the construction of the dam (1940); the time constraints for the Morava River sediments was the erection of flood defences (1930s) and Pb-210 dating. In the case of floodplain sediments, profiles exhibiting post-depositional mobilisation of heavy metals by pedogenic processes (gleying) must be excluded to reconstruct the history of contamination. There was a relatively fast joint onset of Pb and Zn load since the early stages of industrialisation in the first half of the twentieth century, but then the concentrations of these two metals developed in a different manner. Pb load only slightly increa
   sed till its peak in 1960s and 1970s. The increase of Zn load was rather stepwise: Soon before 1930s (Morava River floodplain) and in 1940s and 1950s (in Brno Lake), the relative contamination by Zn was much lower than during its peak in the 1970s to the present days. The offset of Pb and Zn contamination curves could have been caused by three different artificial sources of these heavy metals. The temporal shift of Pb and Zn loads can be used for dating sediments.
    UK Praha, Přírodovědecká fakulta
Kód přispěvatele
    UK, PřF
Zdrojový formát
Datum importu
    27. 4. 2014