Record details

    The influence of rheological weakening and yield stress on the interaction of slabs with the 370 km discontinuity
Statement of responsibility
    Hana Čížková, Jeroen Hunen, Van den Berg, Nico J. Vlaar
    Čížková, Hana
    Hunen, Jeroen
    Van den Berg, Arie P.
    Vlaar, Nico J.
Source title - serial
    Earth and planetary science letters
    Vol. 199, no. 3-4
    p. 447-457
    5 obr., 1 tab., 33 bibl.
    Zkr. název ser.: Earth planet. Sci. Lett.
Subject group
    model matematický
    podsunovaná deska
    příkop hlubokomořský
    zóna přechodní
    zóna subdukční
Abstract (in english)
   Results og high resolution seismic tomography showing subducting slabs deflected in the transition zone and thickened in the lower mantle seem to call for slab material weaker than inferred from mineral physics deformation mechanisms. A possible mechanism suggested by several authors could be the eakening due to grain size reduction, which should occur in the cold portion of fast slabs after an exothermic phase transition at a depth of 400 km. Since the amount of weakening as well as the rate of subsequent strengthening due to the grain growth are not precisely known, we present here a parametric study of slab behavior in the transition zone and upper part of the lower mantle. We simulate a subduction slab in a two-dimensional (2-D) Cartesian box in the numerical model with composite rheology including diffusion creep, dislocation creep and general stress liminting rheology approximating Peierl's creep.
   We concentrate on two rheologic effects: the dynamic effect of slab weakening due to grain size reduction at the phase boundary and the effect of yield stress of stress limiting rheology. The effect of trench migration on slab deformation is also included in our study. Results show that the slab ability to penetrate into the lower mantle is not significantly affected by a trench retreat in the absence of grain size weakening. However, in case of a 4 cm/yr trench retreat, grain size weakening provides a viable mechanism to deflect the slab in the transition zone, provided that stress limiting deformation mechanism would limit the effective viscosity outside the areas of grain size weakening to about 1024 Pa s.
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
Entered date
    26. 9. 2007
Import date
    8. 8. 2012