Record details

Title
    Carbonates and oxalates in sediments and landfill: monitors of death and decay in natural and artificial systems
Statement of responsibility
    David A.C. Manning
Author
    Manning, David A. C.
Language
    anglicky
Source title - serial
    Journal of the Geological society
Vol./nr.
    Vol. 157, no. 1
Pages
    p. 229-238
Year
    2000
Notes
    5 diagr., 1 sch., 1 fot., 4 tab.
    il.
    Obsahuje bibliografické odkazy
    Zkr. název ser.: J. Geol. Soc. (Bath)
Subject group
    Bacteria
    kalcit
    konkrece
    kyseliny organické
    metan
    odpad komunální
    proces biogenní
    prostředí anaerobní
    sedimentace recentní
    skládka
    vyluhování
    whewellit
Geographical name
    ČR-Čechy
    Kanada
    Kladno
    Most
    Příbram
    USA
    Velká Británie
Keyword
    Artificial
    Carbonates
    Death
    Decay
    Landfill
    Monitors
    Natural
    Oxalates
    Sediments
    Systems
Abstract (in english)
   Subaqueous sediments and landfill waste disposal sites are both natural locations for anaerobic microbiological metabolism, where sulphatea are reduced to sulphide, and organic matter (particularly acetate) is oxidized and degraded to produce ultimately CO2 and CH4. The microbiologically mediated geochemical processes in each are similar. However, natural sedimentary porewaters can be difficult to sample and monitor, whereas landfill sites are relatively easily, accessible, yielding leachate samples that are routinely monitored over periods of time. In both environments, carbonate precipitation is predicted to be a normal consequence of anaerobic microbiological activity, consistent with changes in leachate composition and the predictions of geochemical modelling. Initial investigation of scale from a landfill drainage system confirms the presence of calcite, together with gypsum and iron minerals.
   Calcium oxalate minerals (whewellite and weddelite) are widespread in their occurrence within septarian concretions from a number of geological formations; whewellite is reportedly stable up to 160°C. The solubility of calcium oxalate is very low, and precipitation readily takes place oxalate (oxalic acid) is present (derived from fungal processes in sediments and soils). Calcium oxalate minerals should be expected wherever vegetable matter is decomposing; this link can be demonstrated for natural sediments, but has yet to be proven for landfill
Contributor
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
    U
Entered date
    9. 11. 2006
Import date
    8. 8. 2012