Record details

Title
    Clay science at the threshold of the new millennium : a look at the history and present trends
Statement of responsibility
    Konta J.
Other titles
    Sixteenth Conference on Clay Mineralogy and Petrology in Karlovy Vary (Czech Republic), August 27-31, 2000 (Variant.)
Author
    Konta, Jiří, 1922-
Language
    anglicky
Source title - serial
    Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Geologica
Vol./nr.
    Vol. 44, no. 2-4
Pages
    p. 11-48
Year
    2000
Notes
    2 obr.
    Bibliografie na s. 36-48
    il.
    Zkr. název ser.: Acta Univ. Carol., Geol.
Classfication no.
    50(091)
    549
Conspectus category
    549
    930
Subject group
    bibliografie
    filozofie
    historie
    metodika
    mineralogie jílová
    výzkum
Geographical name
    Svět
Keyword
    Clay
    History
    Look
    Millennium
    New
    Present
    Science
    Threshold
    Trends
Abstract (in english)
   Chief events and changes in philosophy or science from the 16th to the 20th centuries preceding the beginnings of clay science are summarized in three tabular surveys. In a further tabular summary, it is shown that clay science or argillology emerged in the mid-20th-century after many pionneering discoveries and intensive activities. It has been established as an autonomous science connected with mineralogy and related inorganic but also organic disciplines of natural sciences and technology. From this time, its evolution has been supported by the development of new powerful methods and a broad interdisciplinary cooperation.
   Clay science at the end of the 20th century covers six big research regions: 1) crystal structures (including chemistry); 2) research methods; 3) natural accumulations and genetic conditions of clay and related minerals; 4) physical and physicochemical properties; 5) modified clays; 6) clay science oriented to the exploitation and beneficiation of the raw materials and the application. Each research region is divided into several subregions. The evolution of clay science is illustrated on parts of two fundamental research regions. 1) crystal structures (including chemistry) of a) clay mineral species and their groups, and of b) mixed-layer structures and their transformations; 2) research methods. The present trends and next future of clay science can be seen as a continuation in the six big reseach regions going into greater depth and breadth
Contributor
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
    U
Entered date
    25. 3. 2008
Import date
    8. 8. 2012