Record details

Title
    Contribution to the mineralogy of acid drainage of Uranium minerals: Marecottite and the zippeite-group
Statement of responsibility
    J. Brugger, Peter C. Burns, N. Meisser
Author
    Brugger, J.
    Burns, Peter C.
    Meisser, N.
Language
    anglicky
Source title - serial
    American mineralogist
Vol./nr.
    Vol. 88, no. 4
Pages
    p. 676-685
Year
    2003
Notes
    2 obr., 1 fot., 8 tab., 37 bibl.
    il.
    Zkr. název ser.: Amer. Mineralogist
Subject group
    fugacita
    hořčík
    krystalová struktura
    kyselá důlní voda
    minerály supergenní
    minerály uranu
    nový minerál
    pH
    recent
    rudy U
    sulfáty
    vyluhování
Geographical name
    ČR-Čechy
    Jáchymov (Karlovy Vary)
    Švýcarsko
    USA-Utah
Keyword
    Acid
    Contribution
    Drainage
    Marecottite
    Mineralogy
    Minerals
    Uranium
    Zippeite-group
Abstract (in english)
   Sulfate-rich acid waters produced by oxidation of sulfide minerals enhance U mobility around U ores and U-bearing radioactive waste. Upon evaporation, several secondary uranyl minerals, including many uranyl sulfates, precipitate from these waters. The zippeite-group of minerals is one of the most common and diverse in such settings. To decipher the nature and crystal chemistry of the zippeite-group, the crystal structure of a new natural hydrated Mg uranyl sulfate related to Mg-zippeite was determined. The mineral is named marecottite after the type locality, the La Creusaz U prospect near Les Marécottes, Western Swiss Alps. Marecottite is triclinic, P1, with a = 10.815(4), b = 11.249(4), c = 13.851(6) ?, ? = 66.224(7), ß= 72.412(7), and ?= 69.95(2)°. The ideal structural formula is Mg3(H2O)l8[(UO2)4O3(OH)(SO4)2]2(H2O)lo.
   The crystal structure of marecottite contains uranyl sulfate sheets composed of chains of edge-sharing uranyl pentagonal bipyramids that are linked by vertex-sharing with sulfate tetrahedra. The uranyl sulfate sheets are topologically identical to those in zippeite, K(UO2)2(SO4)O2.2H2O. The zippeite-type sheets alternate with layers containing isolated Mg(H2O)6 octahedra and uncoordinated H2O groups. The uranyl sulfate and Mg layers are linked by hydrogen bonding only.Magnesium-zippeite is redefined as Mg(H2O)3.5(UO2)2(SO4)O2, based on comparison of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern of micro-crystalline co-type material with the pattern of a synthetic phase. Magnesium-zippeite contains zippeite-type uranyl sulfate sheets with Mg located between the layers, where it is in octahedral coordination. In Mg-zippeite, distorted Mg octahedra are linked by sharing vertices, resulting in dimers.
   The apices of the Mg octahedra correspond to two O atoms of uranyl ions, and four H2O groups.Magnesium-zippeite and marecottite co-exist, sometimes in the same sample, at Lucky Strike no. 2 mine, Emery County, Utah (type locality of Mg-zippeite), at Jáchymov, Czech Republic, and at La Creusaz. This study provides insight into the complexity of the zippeite-group minerals containing divalent cations, where different arrangements in the interlayers result in different unit cells and space groups
Contributor
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
    U
Entered date
    21. 8. 2007
Import date
    8. 8. 2012