Record details

Title
    Geochemistry and petrology of pyroxenite xenoliths from Cenozoic alkaline basalts, Bohemian Massif
Author
    Ackerman, Lukáš
    Hegner, E.
    Medaris Jr., G.
    Svojtka, Martin
    Špaček, Petr
    Ulrych, Jaromír
Language
    anglicky
Publication type
    článek v odborném periodiku
Source title - serial
    Journal of Geosciences
Vol./nr.
    Roč. 57, č. 4
Pages
    s. 199-219
Year
    2012
Notes
    Projekt: GA205/09/1170, GA ČR, CZ3cav_un_auth*0252833
    Rozsah: 21 s. : WWW
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z30120515
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z30130516
Subject category
    basalt
    Cenozoic
    geothermobarometry
    pyroxenite
    Sr-Nd isotopes
    xenolith
Keyword
    Alkaline
    Basalts
    Bohemian
    Cenozoic
    Geochemistry
    Massif
    Petrology
    Pyroxenite
    Xenoliths
Abstract (in english)
   Pyroxenites occur as rare, but important, mantle xenoliths within Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Central European Volcanic Province (CEVP). We report the petrography, geothermobarometry, mineral chemistry as well as clinopyroxene trace-element and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of six pyroxenite xenoliths hosted by Tertiary-Quaternary volcanic rocks from Kozákov (NE Bohemia), Dobkovičky and Kuzov (Ohře/Eger Rift), and Lutynia (SW Poland). Three Kozákov xenoliths record a complex nature and evolution. As suggested by contrasting estimated temperatures (596-663 °C and 1008-1067 °C) and textures, olivine clinopyroxenite and one websterite were likely derived from different depths and may represent crystallization products of transient melts. Another websterite contains symplectite pseudomorphs after garnet which originated by exsolution from highly aluminous clinopyroxene, and the garnet breakdown was associated with melt introduction.
   This websterite P-T conditions (17.3 to 21.4 kbar and 1080-1200 °C) correspond to derivation from depths of 55-69 km. The composition of websterite from Dobkovičky suggests its origin as a cumulate from melt derived from a highly depleted mantle source with a composition similar to depleted MORB mantle (DMM). The position and petrological significance of websterite from Kuzov remains unclear because of a lack of data from associated peridotites. At Lutynia, cryptic metasomatism of peridotites by a CO2-bearing alkaline melt was described previously, and the composition of melt calculated to be in equilibrium with Lutynia websterite clinopyroxene is very similar to that in equilibrium with metasomatized amphibole-bearing peridotite. Therefore, the Lutynia websterite may represent a cumulate from percolating melt that metasomatized the lithospheric mantle in this area.
Contributor
    AV ČR Brno, Geologický ústav
Contributor code
    AV ČR, GLÚ
Source format
    U
Import date
    19. 3. 2014