Record details

Title
    Ichnotaxonomy and Interpretation of "Incipient" Insect Trace Fossils in the Archaeological Context of Abusir (Holocene, Egypt)
Author
    Mikuláš, Radek
Language
    anglicky
Publication type
    článek v odborném periodiku
Source title - serial
    Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation
Vol./nr.
    Roč. 21, č. 3
Pages
    s. 85-100
Year
    2013
Notes
    Rozsah: 14 s. : E
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z30130516
Subject category
    Abusir
    egyptology
    Holocene
    ichnotaxonomy
    insect burrows
Keyword
    Abusir
    Archaeological
    Context
    Egypt
    Fossils
    Holocene
    Ichnotaxonomy
    Incipient
    Insect
    Interpretation
    Trace
Abstract (in english)
   Incipient forms of the ichnogenera Celliforma, ?Rebuffoichnus, Tombownichnus, Taenidium, Chubutolites and Machichnus and, in addition, complex forms of probable termite galleries, beetle galleries and mammal burrows were found in masonry, plasters and surrounding (both natural and man-made) deposits in the ancient Abusir necropolis. Among the ways of the classification of the material, the use of standard ichnotaxonomic names appeared to be more objective and more correct than mere estimations of possible tracemakers as made colloquially in the past. The realistic classification enables a useful interpretation in such a context through dating (radiometric dating is possible if the tunnels are lined with organic matter), specification of depth of burrowing/bioerosion (some insect structures show a highly specific depth below the substrate surface) and identification of the tracemaker (insect family, genus, species).
   Having such information, it is possible, e.g., to recognize that the wall of a building was exposed/unburied during certain time interval and that the environment was favourable for the development of the tracemaker (e.g., clover-pollinating solitary bees). Three basic colonization times were recognized: first, 2760 ? 35 B.P. = ca 750 B.C.; second, 645 ? 30 B.P. i.e. ca 1350 A.D.; third, 225 ? 30 B.P., i.e. ca 1775 A.D.
Contributor
    AV ČR Brno, Geologický ústav
Contributor code
    AV ČR, GLÚ
Source format
    U
Import date
    23. 10. 2014