Record details

Title
    Karst and caves in salt diapirs, SE Zagros Mts. (Iran)
Statement of responsibility
    Pavel Bosák, Jiří Bruthans, Michal Filippi, Tomáš Šmíd
Other titles
    Kras in jame v solnih diapirjih jugovzhodnega Zagrosa (Iran)
    Papers presented at 7th International Karstological School "Roofless Caves", Postojna, 1999 (Variant.)
Author
    Bosák, Pavel, 1951-
    Bruthans, Jiří
    Filippi, Michal
    Šmíd, Tomáš
Language
    anglicky
Source title - serial
    Acta carsologica
Vol./nr.
    Vol. 28, no. 2
Pages
    p. 41-75
Year
    1999
Notes
    10 obr., 2 tab., 8 fot., 2 s.bibl.
    Zkr. název ser.: Acta carsol. (Ljubljana)
Subject group
    cap-rock
    diapir
    dolina
    evapority
    expedice geologická
    hydrologie krasová
    jeskyně
    kras
    reliéf krasový
Geographical name
    Irán
Keyword
    Caves
    Diapirs
    Iran
    Karst
    Mts
    Salt
    Zagros
Abstract (in english)
   About 200 salt diapirs (plug) have been known in the region of the Persian Gulf. numerous are still active. Karst rocka are represented by a rock salt, less frequently by gypsum and anhydrite. Karst developed especially in relics of planated surfaces. Karst forms are completely comparable with karsts in classical carbonate rocks. Different forms can be distinguished: karren, solution pipes, solution dolines, solution-collapse dolines, uvala-like to polje-like depressions, blind valleys, canyon-like forms, ponors, spring and caves. two World longest caves in salt were discovered and explored here. Long caves are developed especially in a watertable, large ones in plugs near the seacoast. caves are often outlets of closed depressions (polje-like). Some caves at bottoms of collapse-solution dolines or swallow holes are subvertical. Karst processes are caused dominantly by dissolution of salt, less frequently of gypsum. The process of subrosion of halite under gypcretes plays the main role
   .
   deep circulation of meteoric waters was proved in some plugs
Contributor
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
    U
Entered date
    14. 1. 2008
Import date
    8. 8. 2012