Record details

    Kontaktní viséit a konkrecionální apatit z jeskyně Domica
Statement of responsibility
    Václav Cílek, Karel Melka, Anna Langrová
    Cílek, Václav, jr.
    Langrová, Anna
    Melka, Karel
Source title - serial
    Slovenský kras
    Roč. 39
    s. 25-35
    2 obr., 2 fot., 3 tab., 20 bibl.
    Anglické resumé
    Zkr. název ser.: Slov. Kras
Subject group
    asociace minerální
    kvartér Západních Karpat
    ochrana přírody
Geographical name
    Slovenský kras
Abstract (in english)
   The acid solutions derived from guano accumulation and possibly from Neolithic antropogene activities are percolating through cave sediments of Dome of Mysteries of Domica system. The brushite and gypsum are formed directly under guano piles (Kašpar, 1940) but further down to the slope the other phosphates precipitate. The soft, chalky, yellowish apatite forms small concretions some 2-16 mm in diameter embedded in terra rosa clayey sediment. The apatite bearing horizon is localised above ultra-fine, almost impenetrable layer of brown massive clay. The apatite concretions resemble limestone clasts and flowstone pieces. They may have the calcite nucleus. It is concluded they originate by cold metasomatosis of calcite. The other reactions are taking place at the contact of clayey infillings and limestone. The white, soft phosphate crusts up to 3 cm thick devoid of carbonate are formed by microcrystalline mixture of several phosphates.
   Two minerals prevail (determination on basis of several X-ray grafs, difractograf Philips, and chemical composition - EDAX): apatite and viséite. Two other phosphate phases (amorphous to poorly crystalline) were found as well. The Ca-Al phosphate forms minute grains mixed with viseite. The needle like phosphate has the apatite composition but it contains 3 - 5 per cent of Al and the same amount of Si. The composition of phosphates is variable within few microns (Table 1, 2, 3). We believe that we are confronted with two simultaneous processes:- the reaction between acidic guano solutions, clay matrix and the limestone surface that result in origin of apatite and viseite and unhomogenous mixture of amorphous to poorly crystalline phosphates.- the ageing and weathering of Ca-phosphate (apatite) and its gradual replacement by less soluble aluminous phases.The viseite is new mineral for Slovakia and it represents the third find in karst cavities worldwide.
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
Entered date
    12. 10. 2007
Import date
    8. 8. 2012