Record details

Title
    Strength, timing, setting and cause of mid-Palaeozoic extinctions
Statement of responsibility
    Michael R. House
Other titles
    Late Devonian biotic crisis: ecological, depositional and geochemical records (Variant.)
Author
    House, Michael R.
Language
    anglicky
Source title - serial
    Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology
Vol./nr.
    Vol. 181, no. 1-3
Pages
    p. 5-25
Year
    2002
Notes
    4 obr., 5 s.bibl.
    il.
    Zkr. název ser.: Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.
Subject group
    Ammonoidea
    Barrandien
    Conodonta
    devon
    eventostratigrafie
    komunita
    pražská pánev
    prostředí brakické
    prostředí marinní
    stratigrafická hranice
    terminologie
    vymírání
    zóny biostratigrafické
Geographical name
    Belgie
    ČR-Čechy
    Maroko
    SRN
    Suchomasty (Beroun)
    USA-New York
    Uzbekistán
Keyword
    Cause
    Extinctions
    Mid-Palaeozoic
    Setting
    Strength
    Timing
Abstract (in english)
   Much has been ritten over the last 20 yr on the Upper Kellwasser Event (Frasnian/Famennian or F/F boundary) as the major extinction event of the Middle Palaeozoic (Devonian) and as the fifth largest extinction event in the Phanerozoic; this opinion was based on analysis of family range data. These views are misleading. A current analysis of family extinction data, largely based on the Fossil Record 2, but updated in some respects, supersedes the data base of Raup and sepkoski (1982) and shows that the Famennian has the highest tital family exticntion of marine taxa, with the Givetian in second and Frasnian in third place. If these new data are related to current (unreliable) estimate length of stages, then the severest extinction rates are: first, the Givetian at 14.2 family extinctions per Ma, secondly the Frasnian at 11.2 and thirdly the Eifelian at 6.8.Many short-term "event" have been named for the Devonian based on short-term distinctive sedimentary and/or faunal perturbations.
   a review of these shows how they are often transgression/regression couplets, many with an association of anoxia and poor in benthos, or spreads of pelagic faunas, and some are phased and complex. Evidence is presented to suggest that the transgressive pulses correspond to warm temperatures which are terminated by cooling. Possible links with orbitally forced patterns are considered. A common explanation seems required, not just for the Kellwasser Event, but for all these events. The relation of the family stage extinctions, especially the Kačák, Taghanic, Kellwasser and Hangenberg Events, wwhich are of much more limited duration, is discussed particularly in relation to new and more precise data of the extinction events known within these stages. In the absence of detailed studies for many groups, those that have been well documented may serve as a temporary proxy for others.
Contributor
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
    U
Entered date
    25. 3. 2008
Import date
    8. 8. 2012