Record details

    Temporal variability of structure and hydraulic properties of topsoil of three soil types
    Jirků, V.
    Kodešová, R.
    Mühlhanselová, M.
    Nikodem, A.
    Žigová, Anna
Publication type
    článek v odborném periodiku
Source title - serial
    204/205, August
    s. 43-58
    Projekt: GA526/08/0434, GA ČR3cav_un_auth*0241613
    Rozsah: 16 s. : E
Subject category
    aggragate stability
    hydraulic conductivity
    seasonal and annual variability
    soil micromorphology
    soil-water retention curve
Abstract (in english)
   The soil structure and hydraulic properties of arable soils considerably vary during the year due to the periodical tillage, fertilization, plant and root grow, climate impact etc. The knowledge of these soil properties is essential when assessing water regime and associated dissolved substance transport in soils. Temporal variability of soil properties measured in surface horizons of three soil types (Haplic Cambisol, Greyic Phaeozem, Haplic Luvisol) was studied in years from 2007 to 2010. Undisturbed soil samples were taken every month to evaluate the actual field soil-water content, bulk density, porosity and hydraulic properties. The grab soil samples were taken every month to evaluate aggregate stability using the water stable aggregates index, pHH2O and pHKCl, soil organic matter content and quality. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity for pressure head of −2 cm was measured directly in the field using the minidisk tension infiltrometer.
   In addition soil structure was documented on micromorphological images. In some cases, the similar seasonal trends of the soil pHH2O, pHKCl, organic matter quality, bulk density, porosity or aggregate stability were observed in different soils. The soil structure, aggregate stability and soil hydraulic properties were interrelated and depended on plant growth, rainfall and tillage. The drier conditions in some soils positively influenced the soil aggregate stability, slope of the retention curve at the inflection point and hydraulic conductivity. Probably due to the high variation of soil hydraulic properties no closer correlation between them and other properties was detected. The slope of the retention curve at the inflection point (e.g. indicator of soil physical quality) in many cases increased (decreased) when also the soil aggregate stability and hydraulic conductivity values increased (decreased).
   No closer correlation was revealed when analyzing these relationships for the entire observation period.
    AV ČR Brno, Geologický ústav
Contributor code
    AV ČR, GLÚ
Source format
Import date
    23. 10. 2014