Record details

Title
    Stone raw materials of Neolithic-Aeneolithic polished artefacts in the Czech Republic: The present state of knowledge
Statement of responsibility
    Antonín Přichystal
Other titles
    Kamenné suroviny neolitických-eneolitických broušených artefaktů v České republice: současný stav poznání
Author
    Přichystal, Antonín, 1950-
Language
    anglicky
Source title - serial
    Krystalinikum
Vol./nr.
    Roč. 26
Pages
    s. 119-136
Year
    2000
Notes
    1 obr., 7 fot.
    České resumé
    il.
    Obsahuje bibliografické odkazy
    Zkr. název ser.: Krystalinikum
Subject group
    artefakty
    Český masiv
    historie
    holocén
    ložisko břidlice
    ložisko mramoru
    nerudy
    recent
    těžba
Geographical name
    Česká republika
Keyword
    Artefacts
    Czech
    Knowledge
    Materials
    Neolithic-Aeneolithic
    Polished
    Present
    Raw
    Republic
    State
    Stone
Abstract (in english)
   The Bohemian Massif (a geological unit forming basement of the Czech republic and the adjacent parts of Germany, Austria and Poland) represent probably the most important source of raw materials for polished artefacts in prehistoric times of central Europe. It yielded various types of greenschist, amphibolite, serpentinite, marble, spilite, basalt and other rocks suitable for polished industry. Some of the rocks were quarried and distributed for a large area. Apparently the most important source of greenschist lying probably in the Železný Brod Crystalline Unit (NE Bohemia) was extracted especially in the period of Strokeornamented Ware. Another greenschist source exploied by people with the Moravian Painted Ware has been found at Želešice near Brno (the south end of the Brno massif metabasite zone). The find of prehistoric marble quarries at the Bílý kámen hill near Sázava in 1937 represents the first reliably evidenced exploitation of nonsiliceous rocks in Europe.
   The raw material basis of Neolithic cultures (Linear Pottery, Stroke-ornamented Ware, the oldest phase Ia of Moravian Painted Ware) seems to be relatively homogenous with the prevalence of greenschist, amhibolite and marble. Since the younger stage of Moravian Painted Ware and especially during the Eneolithic, abroad spectrum of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks was used. Diorite, diorite porphyry, spilite, olivine basalt, Culm greywacke and siltstone, Cretaceous and Paleogene sandstone, serpentinite, eclogite and quartz - sillimanite flasers from Moldanubian paragneiss appeared in addition to the rocks worked in the Neolithic. There is evidence also for some of them on their exploitation at rocky outcrops or by small pit quarries (serpentinite, diorite, Culm siltstone, spilite)
Contributor
    Česká geologická služba
Contributor code
    ČGS (UNM)
Source format
    U
Entered date
    6. 3. 2008
Import date
    8. 8. 2012